BANGKOK, Thailand – October 30, 2019: 5pm (Enviro News): Delegates and participants at the ‘Nature Based Solutions for Disaster Risks and Climate Change Impacts” here had the chance to see first hand work being done on mangroves in Bangkok.
The “Field trip: EPIC site visit’ provided that opportunity for all to see the mangrove project.
Tonga was represented by Ms Ta’hirih Fifita Hokafonu, Head of the Islands and Ocean Eco-system Division at the Department of Environment and Mr Tukia Lepa, Head of the Environment Impact Assessment Division.
Thailand’s mangroves Forest is administrated by Ministry of Marine and Natural Forest and Community Forest didn’t exist in the past but is now a growing trend
Ms Hokafonu said the Marine and Coastal Management Act established in 2012 allowed more people to be involved with the restoration program by national and local community. There is now closer collaboration between government official and community.
“There are more private actors involved in the mangroves restoration program . This also ensure that source of funding is from three actors (government, local community and NGO),” she said.
There is a combination of the use of bamboos at this project. There is one sub-hero working with all communities in the sub-region.
Participants saw the use of bamboo fences (5 rows) for coastal protection and planting of mangroves behind it.
The first row softens the wave energy and then the second row traps the sediments.
Participants were told that the round shape of bamboos accommodate the different 11 wind direction at the gulf.
There was also the use of mangroves coastal side walk bridge. The row of bamboos fence can last from five to eight years before they are changed.
There are 74 mangroves species and it’s associate found in Thailand. There are 33 species of mangroves found at the site visited.
“And for this province alone there is 3000 hectares of mangroves,” Ms Hokafonu said.
The Private Sector was engaged first in the mangroves restoration by word of mouth from visiting the area about 12 years ago.